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Women working in wood industry in Sri Lanka
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Putting knowledge to practice.

After training the stakeholders, and your own project staff, you are ready to implement the Land project. Have you completed all preparations, including training of stakeholders and your own staff? Then your Land+ project is ready for implementation!

About this service

Every Land++ project is custom designed for each client, addressing his particular needs, desires and opportunities.
After completion of the previous steps (services), up until training of stakeholders and your staff, the Land+ project is ready for implementation. Though implementation topics vary widely, example topics and descriptions are provided in five categories under Service Aspects below.

FSG’s expertise

FSG offers to manage and/or lead project implementation on behalf of our clients. For example, we often act as lead applicant and project coordinators on behalf of consortium partners. In other projects we are involved in specific tasks that can vary widely. See below under Service aspects for a (non exhaustive) lists of potential tasks.

Sri Lanka, discussing production levels and logistics

Service aspects

As explained above Practical implementation activities are grouped in the following categories:

1. Natural resource management

This category includes many topics related to natural resource management. Below, a few examples are provided.

Forest & Plantation management
• Writing Forest/Plantation Management Plans
• Forest inventories
• Reduced impact logging
• Thinning, forest maintenance
• Timber/non-timber income models

Agroforestry system design
• Mixed crop-tree lay-out design
• Forest farming design
• Alley cropping design
• Silvopasture farming design
• Nutrient recycling closed systems design

Biomass and bioenergy development
• Biomass-to-energy solutions
• Perennial crop cultivation
• Sustainable reed harvesting
• Local biogas production
• Biomass supply chain development

Research, coordination, M&E
• Coordinating research programs with universities
• Biomass assessments (baseline and project)
• Carbon offset calculations
• Monitoring & Evaluation
• Area mapping, GIS, border demarcation, satellite images, aerial photography, etc.
• Ecotourism development
• Combining agritourism with agroforestry
• Carbon credits from landscape development
• Building soil organic content with perennial crops
• Contracts for facilitating biodiversity research

2. Business development on the work floor

Export Marketing Plans
We help you with drafting plans for successful sales and marketing of your certified products; your export marketing plan. BSO’s we can assist in the development of sector Export Marketing Plans.
Company audits
We make full assessments of how businesses perform currently and advise on how they can improve with practical implementation actions. Actions will be related to supply source regulations, machine park & lay out, quality control, health & safety etc.
Quality Control.
In a special training course companies will learn how to implement a Quality Control system in their companies. This will increase profits due to less rejects and a much more efficient way of working. ISO certification will be possible after implementation.
FSG advises and assist companies in reaching a desired Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) level,
Supply chain development
FSG has an integral view on the supply chain, with its services oriented at the entire supply chain, from the field to the market. In an ever changing context, in terms of e.g. customer preferences, available technologies and government policies, at all times systems need to be in place to ensure that resource management, product processing and market approach are always well aligned. In fact, Sustainable Chain development is an essential element in most of our projects. We believe that without it, there is no long-term financial profit to be gained by stakeholders in the supply chain, and thus no incentives would exist for adopting and maintaining sustainable practices. For natural resource owners, managers and businesses, we analyze the overall performance of the supply chain and develop practical actions for improvements.
Adding value to products
With our knowledge about the market we will advise you with regards to product selection. But often more profit could be made by adding value to it. Sometimes this is even possible with the same machine park. In other cases investments are required. Choices are already made during the opportunity assessment but in this implementation phase we help you to change the production and start to produce added value product on the work floor.

3. Composing Certification related documents

Project baseline study, validation and registration
We help you with all steps required prior to registering your project under one of the mentioned standards. This includes Carbon stock calculations and estimated future levels, general project baseline studies, development of PIN, PDD, CFD, LoI, LoA and LoE documents, proof additionality, and coordinating validation and registration by a third party or one of our partners.
Climate Disaster Risk Reduction system (DRR)
With help from governments FSG helps assess the potential of specific projects that address climate change-induced disasters such as flooding. Projects may cover activities such as reforestation of river banks or forest cover protection. FSG is able to develop Disaster Risk Reduction plans into this direction.
Risk assessments
General project risks are already identified during the opportunity assessment but often special risk assessments are required by certification standards. We will make these assessments for you.

4. Reaching Policy and Regulatory compliance

Worldwide, more and more policy and regulatory instruments are being applied, for improved governance of natural resources. No matter whether you are a government organization or a company, understanding and complying with these instruments can take a lot of your time and resources. See our list of policies and regulations that we have experience with. FSG advises organizations on such policies and regulations. We assist companies with the implementation of EU Market Access Requirements (MAR) like EUTR (legal compliance), Reach and CE.

FSG advises governments in developing countries on how to comply with Forest Law Enforcement and Trade (FLEGT) issues. This to give local companies and governments better access to EU markets. This may include legal source declarations, for example.

FSG shares global concerns over climate change and related natural disasters. We therefore support the Kyoto Protocol, for reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide.

5. Establishing Organizational infrastructure

With every larger project changes have to be made in the organizational set-up. Often there is not even an organization available to implement a project. Then a new company or foundation is set-up to lead the project and to implement it. These choices are made at the opportunity assessment, but in this phase it has to be implemented. FSG assists the project owner in making job descriptions, registering companies, solicitation meetings with potential staff and any other actions required.

Next steps?

After the implementation is ready most projects will go for certification.

                  Read more

For a full overview of all the terms used in this page, click here.

Company audits
In such an assessment we cover around 200 subjects during a 1-2 day visit to a company. We will discuss the current buyer focus (in order of importance):

1: Social accountability (about organisation, communications, local laws, employee issues, child labour etc).
2. Enviroment
3. Technical about the product, quality, pricing, machinery etc.

But we will also discuss:
  • Clustering possibilities
  • Code of conduct (COC).
  • Occupational Safety and Health (OSHAS)
  • Totally quality management (TQM)
  • Good Manufacturing Practises (GMP).
  • Inclusive Business Chains (latest trend!).
  • Just In time Delivery (JID).
  • ISO continues improvement system PDCA (Plan Do Check (audit) and Act).
  • Environmental Health and Safety (EHS)
  • Voluntary Partnership Agreements opportunities (VPA)
  • Export Marketing Plan (EMP).
  • Certification.
  • And of course the best possible export products, based on the capacity of the company and the demand in the EU market.

Financial additionality
CDM projects, for example, have to be financially "additional", which means that the projects that Annex I countries support within the framework of the CDM should not be financed by official development aid, but that additional funding is to be made available for such projects. Furthermore, to avoid giving credits to projects that would have happened anyway ("freeriders"), rules have been specified to ensure additionality of the project, that is, to ensure the project reduces emissions more than would have occurred in the absence of the project. There are currently two rival interpretations of the additionality criterion:
  • 1. What is often labelled ‘environmental additionality’ has that a project is additional if the emissions from the project are lower than the baseline. It generally looks at what would have happened without the project.
  • 2. In the other interpretation, sometimes termed ‘project additionality’, the project must not have happened without the CDM.


Policies and regulations and FSG experience
  • REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemical substances).
  • Legal source declarations.
  • European Conformity (CE, Conformite Europeene).
  • EU packaging regulations.
  • RED, Renewable Energy Directive (EU).
Kyoto Protocol
Adopted at the Third Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention on Climate Change held in Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997, the Kyoto Protocol commits industrialized country signatories to reduce their greenhouse gas (or "carbon") emissions by an average of 5.2% compared with 1990 emissions, in the period 2008-2012.

The Kyoto Protocol only allows for reforestation of land cleared before 1989. This must be done by: tree-planting or assisted natural regeneration.

These actions meet Clean Development Mechanism criteria and are 'Kyoto compliant'. All other actions are non-Kyoto compliant, and sometimes these will fall under REDD mechanisms (avoided future emissions by better forest security against illegal activities or further deforestation.) These types of Carbon credits are good voluntary offsets (for the Voluntary markets).

Annex 1 Countries
Annex I is an Annex in the UNFCCC listing those countries that are signatories to the Kyoto protocol Convention and committed to emission reductions. The non-Annex I countries are developing countries, and they have no emission reduction targets.

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